The hospital was founded in 1766 on Trumpington Street with £4,500 from the will of Dr John Addenbrooke, a fellow of St Catharine's College. In 1976, the hospital moved to its present premises on the southern edge of the city at the end of Hills Road. The old building now houses the Cambridge Judge Business School, as well as Browns Brasserie & Bar. A new elective care facility was procured under a Private Finance Initiative contract in 2004, It was built by Alfred McAlpine at a cost of £85 million and completed in spring 2007.
Addenbrooke's provides a full range of clinical services, with the exception of cardiothoracic surgery, which is provided at the nearby Papworth Hospital (due to be re-located to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in 2017). It is a designated UK Major Trauma Centre. Addenbrooke's was the first regional Major Trauma Centre in England to become fully operational and was featured on the BBC documentary series 'Life Savers' in 2013.
Addenbrooke's is a tertiary referral centre for a number of specialities. Of note, it is one of the UK's six liver transplant centres and performs multivisceral transplants. It is a busy regional neurosurgical centre and has the largest neurological intensive care unit of its kind in Europe. It is also a centre of excellence for renal services, bone marrow transplantation, cleft lip and palate reconstruction, treatment of rare cancers, medical genetics, and paediatrics. Addenbrooke's is also the designated regional centre for pancreatic, biliary and liver cancer surgery and tertiary referral centre for complex pancreatitis. It has 24 operating theatres, and in addition to the neurosciences (neurosurgery and neurology) critical care unit it also has an adult, a paediatric, and a neonatal intensive care service, and several high-dependency areas (adult, paediatric, transplant, surgical, coronary care). The Rosie Hospital is attached to Addenbrooke's, and provides a full range of women's and maternity services, including a midwife-led birth unit and birth pool.
Addenbrooke's is an internationally renowned transplant centre. Addenbrooke's transplant surgeons have made many notable contributions to the world of transplantation, including:
The East of England Ambulance Service has an ambulance station in the grounds of the hospital, and there is an NHS Blood and Transplant facility on site.