; Uzbek Cyrillic
) is one of the cities of Uzbekistan
. Bukhara is a city-museum, with about 140 architectural monuments.
The nation's fifth-largest city, it had a population of 247,644 as of 31 August 2016 .
People have inhabited the region around Bukhara for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. Located on the Silk Road
, the city has long served as a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. UNESCO
has listed the historic center of Bukhara (which contains numerous mosques
) as a World Heritage Site
Bukhara was known as Bokhara in 19th- and early-20th-century English publications and as Buhe/Puhe（捕喝) in Tang Chinese.
According to the Encyclopædia Iranica the name Bukhara is possibly derived from the Sogdian βuxārak ("Place of Good Fortune")
Muhammad ibn Jafar Narshakhi in his History of Bukhara (completed 943-44 CE) mentions:
Bukhara has many names. One of its name was Numijkat. It has also been called "Bumiskat". It has 2 names in Arabic. One is "Madinat al Sufriya" meaning—"the copper city" and another is "Madinat Al Tujjar" meaning—"The city of Merchants". But, the name Bukhara is more known than all the other names. In Khorasan, there is no other city with so many names.
Since the Middle Ages, the city has been known as Buḫārā / بخارا in Arabic and Persian sources. The modern Uzbek spelling is Buxoro.
This page was last edited on 1 March 2018, at 21:59.
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