The Communist Party of Britain is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party organised in Great Britain and since 2012 has been the sole British representative at the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties. The party emerged from a dispute between Eurocommunists and Marxist-Leninists in the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1988.
Former members of the party include Bob Crow (former general secretary of the RMT union), Ken Gill (former general secretary of the MSF union, and member of the TUC General Council), and Kate Hudson (general secretary of CND).
The Communist Party was re-established in April 1988 by a disaffected section of the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB), which had largely embraced Eurocommunism. This section included the editorship of the Morning Star newspaper, including Tony Chater, the paper's editor. They were largely supporters of the Communist Campaign Group, formed to oppose the party's new direction. The founders of the new party attacked the leadership of the CPGB for allegedly abandoning 'class politics' and the leading role of the working class in the revolutionary process in Britain. The youth wing of the CPGB, the Young Communist League, had collapsed, and the Morning Star was losing circulation.