; Old Persian
: 𐏃𐎥𐎶𐎫𐎠𐎴 Hagmatāna
literally "the place of gathering", Aramaic
, Ancient Greek
: 𒆳𒀀𒃵𒋫𒉡 kura-gam-ta-nu
in the Nabonidus Chronicle
) was an ancient city in Media
in western Iran
. It is believed that Ecbatana is in Hagmatana Hill (Tappe-ye Hagmatāna), an archaeological mound
According to Herodotus, Ecbatana was chosen as the Medes' capital in the late 8th century BC by Deioces. Under the Achaemenid Persian kings, Ecbatana, situated at the foot of Mount Alvand, became a summer residence. Later, it became the capital of the Parthian kings, at which time it became their main mint, producing drachm, tetradrachm, and assorted bronze denominations.
In 330 BC, Ecbatana was the site of the murder of the Macedonian general Parmenion by order of Alexander the Great.
Ecbatana was first excavated in 1913 by Charles Fossey. Another excavation was conducted in 1977.
Excavations have been limited due to the modern town covering most of the ancient site.
Excavations at Kaboutar Ahang have revealed stone age tools and pottery from 1400 to 1200 BC.
This page was last edited on 28 April 2018, at 03:58.
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