Grantham

Grantham Town.jpg
Coat of Arms of Grantham
Grantham (/ˈɡrænθəm/ GRAN-thəm) is a market town in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It straddles the London to Edinburgh East Coast Main Line railway and the River Witham and is bounded to the west by the A1 main north–south trunk road. Grantham lies about 23 miles (37 km) south of the county town of Lincoln, and about 22 miles (35 km) east of Nottingham. The population in 2016 was estimated as 44,580 (by electoral ward: Belmont 4,900; Grantham Arnoldfield 4,666; Grantham Barrowby Gate 5,195; Grantham Earlsfield 6,557; Grantham Harrowby 4,770; Grantham St Vincent's 7,637, Grantham St Wulfram's 5,461; Grantham Springfield 5,394).

Grantham was the birthplace of the UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Isaac Newton was educated at its King's School, while Thomas Paine worked there as an excise officer in the 1790s. Grantham-born Edith Smith became the United Kingdom's first female police officer in 1914. The town produced the first running diesel engine in 1892 and the UK's first tractor in 1896.

Grantham lies close to an ancient Roman road. It was the scene in 1643 of Oliver Cromwell's first win over Royalists during the English Civil War, at Gonerby Moor.

The origin of "Grantham" is uncertain, although the name is said probably to be Old English "Granta+ham", meaning "Granta's homestead". It appeared as early as 1086 in the Domesday Book in its present form of Grantham, but was also recorded variously as Grandham, Granham and Graham. The place name element grand could possibly mean "gravel".

The name of the town is the origin of the Scottish surname, now often used as a given name, Graham.

Late neolithic vessels from a burial were found at Little Gonerby, in the north of the town, in 1875. A number of flint blades have been found, including from near Welham Street to the south-east of the town centre and from near Barrowby where a macehead has also been found. At Little Gonerby a neolithic settlement site was discovered with finds of pottery and flints.

This page was last edited on 2 June 2018, at 15:53.
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grantham under CC BY-SA license.

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