, tr. al-ḥājib
) was a court official, equivalent to a chamberlain
, in the early Muslim
world, which evolved to fulfil various functions, often serving as chief ministers or enjoying dictatorial powers. The post appeared under the Umayyad Caliphate
, but gained in influence and prestige in the more settled court of the Abbasids
, under whom it ranked as one of the senior offices of the state, alongside the vizier
. From the Caliphates, the post spread to other areas under Muslim dominion: in al-Andalus
was always superior to the vizier and by the 10th century had come to wield enormous power; in the eastern dynasties, the Samanids
, the title acquired a mainly military role; under the Seljuks
it reverted to its role as a court official; in Fatimid
Egypt, the chief hajib
, styled Sahib al-bab
("Master of the Gate") or hajib al-hujjab
("chamberlain of chamberlains, head chamberlain") was also an important official; under the Mamluks
, they acquired important judicial duties.
This page was last edited on 7 November 2017, at 23:36.
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