Early Muslim conquests

Map of expansion of Caliphate.svg
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Islamic expansion:

Sassanid Persian Empire

Indus Valley

Caucasus

Transoxiana

Visigothic Kingdom (Hispania)

The early Muslim conquests (Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية‎, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) also referred to as the Arab conquests[4] and early Islamic conquests[5] began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. He established a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which under the subsequent Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphates saw a century of rapid expansion.

The resulting empire stretched from the borders of China and the Indian subcontinent, across Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Europe (Sicily and the Iberian Peninsula to the Pyrenees). Edward Gibbon writes in The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire:

This page was last edited on 5 July 2018, at 10:07 (UTC).
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_conquests under CC BY-SA license.

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