The school was founded in 1584 by Archdeacon Robert Johnson, along with Uppingham School, a few miles away. They share a common badge design (and a strong rivalry), but whilst Uppingham's colours tend towards blue and white, Oakham's are black and red.
Under Headmaster John Buchanan, in 1971 Oakham was the first boys' independent secondary school in Britain to accept both male and female pupils throughout the whole school and not just in the Sixth Form. In 1995, it was the first public school to go on-line.
Annual fees are £20,025 (Day), £30,900 (Day Boarding), £32,520 (Boarding) in the Middle and Upper Schools; in the Junior School they are £17,745 (Day), £20,865-£25,185 (Transitional Boarding), £26,520 (Boarding).
Oakham School was founded in 1584 by Archdeacon Robert Johnson. Johnson received an income from four church positions and used this wealth to set up a number of charitable institutions, including the two free grammar schools at Oakham and Uppingham. As someone on the Puritan wing of the Church of England he had a strong belief in the benefits of education.