Royal Papworth Hospital

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Royal Papworth Hospital is a heart and lung hospital, located in Papworth Everard in Cambridgeshire, England (though it is scheduled to move to a new site at the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in 2018). It was home to the first successful heart transplant in the UK, the world's first successful heart, lung and liver transplant, and one of the world's first non-beating-heart transplants. Papworth Hospital is due to move to new premises on the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in September 2018.

Papworth Hospital was founded in 1918 as the Cambridgeshire Tuberculosis Colony providing care for discharged soldiers during World War I, as a sanitorium and industrial colony for the treatment of tuberculosis, following a campaign led by Elsbeth Dimsdale. The institution was initially under the direction of Dr (later Sir) Pendrill Varrier-Jones. From the 1950s, surgical facilities developed, beginning with thoracic (chest/lung) surgery and expanding to cardiac surgery. Surgeon Ben Milstein performed the first open-heart surgery at Papworth Hospital in September 1958.

In August 1979, surgeon Terence English performed the first successful heart transplant in the UK at Papworth Hospital. The patient, Keith Castle, lived for over five years following his surgery. In August 1994 a team of doctors carried out a revolutionary operation when 62-year-old Arthur Cornhill was given the world's first permanent battery-operated heart.

Today, Papworth is the UK's largest specialist cardiothoracic hospital and main heart and lung transplant centre.

In September 2017, Papworth Hospital was granted royal title by the Queen and so became Royal Papworth Hospital in January 2018.

Original historical documents relating to Papworth Hospital, the Village Settlement and the TB colony are today held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Cambridge.

This page was last edited on 8 May 2018, at 16:12.
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

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