Vostok (rocket family)
(Russian: Восток, translated as "East") was a family of rockets derived from the Soviet R-7 Semyorka ICBM
designed for the human spaceflight programme
. This family of rockets launched the first artificial satellite (Sputnik 1
) and the first manned spacecraft (Vostok
) in human history. It was a subset of the R-7
family of rockets.
On March 18, 1980 a Vostok-2M rocket exploded on its launch pad at Plesetsk during a fueling operation, killing 48 people. An investigation into a similar – but avoided – accident revealed that the substitution of lead-based for tin-based solder in hydrogen peroxide filters allowed the breakdown of the H2O2, thus causing the resultant explosion.
The major versions of the rocket were:
This page was last edited on 27 September 2017, at 18:18 (UTC)
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