The White movement (Russian: Бѣлое движенiе/Белое движение, tr. Beloye dvizheniye, IPA: ) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армiя/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардiя/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya) or the Whites (Белые and белогвардейцы, "White Guardsmen"), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.
During the Russian Civil War, the White movement was a big tent political movement, representing an array of political opinions in Russia united in their opposition to the Bolsheviks; from the republican-minded bourgeois liberals and Kerenskyite social democrats who had profited from the February Revolution, to the champions of Tsarism and Orthodox Christianity on the right.
Following their defeat, there were remnants and continuations of the movement, some of which only had narrow support, enduring within the wider White émigré community until after the fall of Communism. This community in exile was often divided between the liberals and the more conservative sections.